Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world use of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western planet through the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of dishabille and of night apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, now and again, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may More additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments such as nightgowns, within the US, they've got often provided the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of short dress top over shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas may these days make reference to Females's mixture daywear, especially in the US in which they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.